Art Through the Ages – Part 4
The concluding part of our journey through all the art eras of time picks up in 1905 with Cubism, Supremativism, Futurism, De Stijl and Constructivism. As well as today’s art which can be described as Postmodernism and Deconstructivism.
Cubism, Constructivism, Futurism, De Stijl and Supremativism – 1905AD – 1920AD
Running almost parallel to Expressionism before and during WWI were several numerous art movements that included Cubism, Constructivism, Futurism, De Stijl and Supremativism. All these styles were really important as they were all explorations of Expressionism and were trying to understand what the whole period was all about.The idea that there were only two forms of painting, namely portrait and landscape was rubbished, it became perfectly acceptable to use abstract objects, shapes and highly personalized versions of deconstructed rendors of landscapes. This was a radical and bold period for art, some critics do not class the art made at the time as proper art as it expressed rather than captured the object. Traditional techniques were pushed under the carpet and the gates were open to produce imagery in any manner. Picasso was one of the leading artists of this period, and to study his work exemplifies what the whole period was all about.
Dada and Surrealism – 1917AD – 1950AD
Much of Surrealism and Dada was quite simply absurd, it rejected all the principles of art and was almost the antiChrist to what art had always considered sacred and true. The traditional beliefs of what constituted art were deliberately trodden on. Many critics of this era do not class Surrealism and Dada is any form of art whatsoever, Marcel Duchamp’s attempt at art, Fountain, was just a porcelain toilet that was discarded, he took the urinal and simply signed it. The whole point of this rather whimsical art era was to make the world sit up and question what art actually was, and what you could classify as being art? Those artists that were into Dada whole purpose was to subvert the idealism behind traditional art, and bring the walls crashing down. Surrealism and Dada were the punk music of their day, they wanted people to reject it and turn the radio and TV off. What they wanted to achieve was discussion, and not to take anything for granted because we are told to. In this they did achieve their goal, most art of the period was ridiculed and will not have a strong shelf life. But what artists like Magritte and Dali have achieved is to shake up the individual to think, think for themselves and to consider what art really is.
Postmodernism and Deconstructivism – 1970AD – Present Day
Today’s thriving art scene is nowhere as radical as Surrealism or Dada, but the artists still want the public to question art and not take it for granted because critics, galleries and the media tell us to. It is really about taking art from the past and taking it apart, this deconstruction is then reinterpreted as the artist thinks fit. Art is evolving by questioning traditional values, in this way it is keeping fresh and being innovative unlike its brother music. It does not churn out boy band after boy band purely to make money, it looks at great art from the past and learns how it was made, then tries not to replicate it or improve on it, rather to offer another angle on it.