All You Need to Know About Drawing
Drawing is one of the most ancient forms of art we know and, although not every piece of visual art has been preceded by a preliminary sketch, is the basis of all compositions. Nevertheless, it wasn’t until the late 14th century that drawing was recognized and studied as an art form of its own, and not only the primary presentation of other constructions: is not utilitarian anymore, it has quality value. Here’s some things you need to know to understand why this happened.
We can define a drawing as the graphic representation of something using lines or a delineation of form, that might be used as a sketch or a design of an object or an idea. This can be produced using ink, charcoal, pencil, chalk or crayon. On another hand, drawing as a technique might be defined as a formal artistic creation where concepts, thoughts, ideas, objects, people, emotions and basically everything (visible or not) gets a visual form that can be explicit or abstract. This could apply to any technique where shape is more valuable than mass or color, as in paintings, but drawing separates itself from other graphics arts because is the product of an effort put into the carrier, with a direct relationship between production and result.
The basic unity of drawing compositions is the line. This conception is pretty modern, as line used to be seen as an element for illusionist representations of objects because of its absence from the real world as we know it (line is not present in nature as the border of bodies or colors, like it was used to be seen). A variety of tools and techniques can be used to draw. From charcoal to metal styli, slate pencils and chalks are regular tools as well as writing utensils like pens, pencils and even brushes. Anything that can produce a line is a good go: saws, drills, diamonds or fire can be used to produce forms. This will depend on the choices of every artist and the effect they wanna cause or the aesthetic they’re chasing.
Even though some of drawing presentations are usually not considered as art because of their utilitarian principles, they require a level of skills and artistic decisions compared to any other art form. Technical project drawings such as plans for buildings or machines, as well as cartographic or scientific drawings use independent projections and symbols that represent a language of its own, and it’s complex and valuable.
The types of drawing that are worldly considered as art forms have been coexisting with these methods since the beginning of time: portraits, landscapes and architectural drawings have a utility of its own. While they were used to decorate and differ aesthetically from one another, before photography existed, these were the only visual representations of reality that humanity had. The need of translating what our eyes were interpreting was one of the main reasons art was invented and furtherly developed.